on video Vertical takeoff of the giant Boeing 747 after pilot training | X Plane 11


The Boeing 747 is a wide-body quadrigetto aircraft designed by Joe Sutter, used as an airliner and transport, often referred to by its original nickname jumbo jet, or Queen of the Skies (From 'English : Queen of Heaven). built by commercial aircraft division of boeing united states of america, in its original form was twice the size and half of the boeing 707,[6] one of the largest civilian aircraft of the sixties. Opened commercial flights in 1970, the 747 maintained for 37 years the world record for the capacity of passengers carried.[7]

The 747 adopts a double-deck configuration for part of its length. It is available as passenger and cargo, as well as other bespoke. The Boeing designed the upper deck in the form of a "hump" to use it as a seating area for first-class passengers or, as usually happens in recent times, to make room for positions additional and to allow easy transformation of the aircraft to passenger air cargo aircraft, by removing the seats and installing a cargo door in the nose.

Boeing used this solution because, at the time the model was created, it was thought that Supersonic jetliners, the development of which was announced in the early sixties, would make 747s and other subsonic jetliners obsolete, so that the demand for freight aircraft believed would remain strong in the future.[8] In particular, with regard to the 747, it was expected that the aircraft would become obsolete after the sale of 400 units.[9] The reality contradicts the predictions of critics when it was put into production the original number 1000 in 1993.[10] In August 2017, they were produced 1,533,747 and are classified 3 other specimens of the 747-8I variant and 17 samples of the 747-8F variant.[2]

The 747-400 is the most common passenger version in service and is among the fastest airliners, with its Mach 0.85 to 0.855 cruise speed amounting to around 920 km/h. This aircraft has an intercontinental range of 13,450 km.[11] The passenger version of the 747-400 can carry 416 passengers in a typical three-class subdivision or 524 passengers in a standard two-class layout, or 660 passengers in the single-class establishment.[12] The most recent version of the plane, the 747-8, is in production and received certification in 2011. Deliveries of the 747-8F freighter (freight, in English) to launch the customer, the Cargolux, They began in October 2011; deliveries of the 747-8I passenger version of the first customer, Lufthansa, They began in May 2012. Boeing 747 production will replace the Boeing Y3 under the Boeing Yellowstone project.

The Boeing 747 set a world record when an El Al copy, during 'Operation Solomon' on May 24, 1991, boarded 1,122 passengers for their destination Israel. 1087 passengers were registered, but dozens of children hid in mothers' clothes. Two children were born during the flight.

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